Shalwar kameez, also spelled salwar kameez or shalwar qameez, is a traditional outfit originating in the Indian subcontinent. The apparel comprises a head scarf, kameez (long shirt) and shalwar (baggy trousers) when worn by women. The term shalwar kameez covers different styles according to the region where the outfit is worn.
Styles include Anarkali, Punjabi, Afghani and Balochi. In origin, the shalwar and kameez are two separate garments which have been combined to form the shalwar kameez outfit. The shalwar are loose pajama-like trousers. The legs are wide at the top, and narrow at the ankle. The kameez is a long shirt or tunic, often seen with a Western-style collar; however, for female apparel, the term is now loosely applied to collarless or mandarin-collared kurtas. The kameez might be worn with pajamas as well, either for fashion or comfort. Some kameez styles have side seams (known as the chaak), left open below the waist-line, giving the wearer greater freedom of movement.
The kameez can be sewn straight and flat, in an "A" shape design or flowing like a dress; there are a variety of styles. Modern kameez styles are more likely to have European-inspired set-in sleeves. If the tailor's taste or skill is displayed, this will be seen in the shape of the neckline and the decoration of the kameez. The kameez may be cut with a deep neckline, sewn in diaphanous fabrics, or styled in cap-sleeve or sleeveless designs. There are many styles of shalwar: the Peshawari shalwar, Balochi shalwar, Sindhi choreno and Punjabi shalwar. Although various regions of the Indian subcontinent wear the outfit in its various forms, the outfit was originally only popular on a wide scale in Afghanistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Balochistan and the Punjab region of Indian subcontinent. However, the shalwar kameez has now become popular across the Indian subcontinent.
Lehenga or lehnga, Ghagra or gagra (Hindi), Parkar (Marath) Chaniya (Gujarati), Pavadai (Tamil) and Lacha (Malayalam) is a form of full ankle-length skirt worn by women from the Indian subcontinent which is long, embroidered and pleated. It is worn as the bottom portion of a Gagra choli or Langa Voni. It is secured at the waist and leaves the lower back and midriff bare.In the Indian subcontinent, various types of traditional embroidery work are done on lehenga, with Gota patti embroidery being one of popular types for the festivals and weddings.
Long flowy Anarkali suits can make any woman look regal, royal and beautiful. An Anarkali suit is a combination of a long flowing kurta and tight fitted churidaar (leggings) with sheer chunni or stole completing the look. The kurta is fitted on the bust and normally features large pleats flowing around the legs like an umbrella.
The Sharara is a three-piece outfit with flared pants for lowers, with a join at or below the knee level, generally worn to weddings. The skirt-like outline below the knee is heavily flared ( also called the trumpet skirt) and resembles the shape of an umbrella. The Sharara is of floor-sweeping length ( farshi) and is teamed with a Kurti and one or two Dupattas, the other outfits of the three-piece attire. When worn with two Dupattas, one is used to drape the shoulders while the second one is used as a veil.
A dress (also known as a frock or a gown) is a garment consisting of a skirt with an attached bodice (or a matching bodice giving the effect of a one-piece garment). It consists of a top piece that covers the torso and hangs down over the legs. A dress can be any one-piece garment containing a skirt of any length. Dresses can be formal or informal. In many cultures, dresses are more often worn by women and girls. The hemlines of dresses vary depending on the fashion of the time period and the modesty or personal taste of the wearer.
Padding is thin cushioned material sometimes added to clothes. Padding may also be referred to as batting when used as a layer in lining quilts or as a packaging or stuffing material. When padding is used in clothes, it is often done in an attempt to soften impacts on certain zones of the body or enhance appearance by 'improving' a physical feature, often a sexually significant one. In fashion, there is padding for breasts.
A blouse is a fitting upper garment that was formerly worn by women, and children. It is typically gathered at the waist or hips over the wearer's body. Today, the word most commonly refers to a girl's or woman's dress shirt. Traditionally, the term has been used to refer to a shirt which blouses out or has an unmistakably feminine appearance. Traditionally the sari is worn with a matching or contrasting blouse called a choli. Many sarees come with an extra length of cloth used to stitch the skin tight cropped top.
Saree Gowns are long dress stitched from a saree. It could be designed into various forms that suite the customer.
In modern usage, a short kurta is referred to as the kurti,which is the attire of females. However, traditionally, the term kurti refers to waist coats, jackets and blouses which sit above the waist without side slits, and are believed to have descended from the tunic of the Shunga period (2nd century B.C.). The kurti is distinguished from the choli by the latter leaving the midriff exposed. It is a typical dressing pattern of Indians especially the northern regions.
The trend and origin of this clothing style is from the northern India and even today the other parts of the nation though modernalized wear kurti but it is worn by females majorly in north while the south prefers saree.
Midi skirts or dresses started in 1920s. Coco Chanel popularized midi and mini for both skirts and dresses and overtime they have evolved incorporating fashion trends in terms of lengths, styles, patterns and colours.
A maxi dress is a floor or ankle length informal dress. Maxi dresses are formfitting at the top and loose flowing at the bottom, cut to flow over the body. They are usually made out of cotton or polyester and come in a variety of necklines, colors and patterns.
A skirt is the lower part of a dress or gown, covering the person from the waist downwards, or a separate outer garment serving this purpose. At its simplest, a skirt can be a draped garment made out of a single piece of fabric (such as pareos), but most skirts are fitted to the body at the waist or hips and fuller below, with the fullness introduced by means of darts, gores, pleats, or panels. Modern skirts are usually made of light to mid-weight fabrics, such as denim, jersey, worsted, or poplin. Skirts of thin or clingy fabrics are often worn with slips to make the material of the skirt drape better and for modesty.